/34thewoodenwalls.htm" 34TheWoodenWalls

 

The term "Wooden Walls" to describe a country's navy is thought by some to be peculiarly English

 

However, we find it used at least once in an earlier civilisation.

The Delphic oracle, on the subject of the Persian invasion of Athens says:

 "Defend yourselves by wooden walls"

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This page will describe the ships of the Nelson's navy - their structure and their sailing.

The table below is "an Abstract of the Ships and Vessels belonging to the British navy at the commencement of the year 1805."

Rate

Class

No. in

Commission

for

Sea-service

No. other

Three-decker ships-of-the-line

First

120-gun ship 1 1
" 112-gun ship 18-pounder 1
" " 12-pounder 1 1
" 100-gun ship 18-pounder 2
" " 12-pounder 3 2
Second 98-gun ship 18-pounder large 2
" " " small 3
" 98-gun ship 12-pounder 8 3
" 90-gun ship
Two-decker ships-of-the-line
Third 80-gun ship 4 5
" 74-gun ship 24-pounder 8 6
" " 18-pounder large 11 6
" " " middle 11 18
" " " small 19 26
" 64-gun ship 13 24
Fourth 60-gun ship 2
Other two-deckers
" 56-gun ship flush-decked 1
" 54-gun ship flush-decked 1 1
" 50-gun ship

      com. or quarter-decked

9 8
" " flush-decked 2
Fifth 44-gun ship 1 2
One-deckers
" 44-gun frigate 4 2
" 40-gun frigate 24-pounder 1
" " 18-pounder 4
" 38-gun frigate large 13 11
" " small 10 6
" 36-gun frigate 18-pounder large 6 5
" " " small 14 8
" " 12-pounder 10 9
" 32-gun frigate 18-pounder large 5
" " " small 6
" " 12-pounder large 3 4
" " " small 18 15
Sixth 28-gun frigate 7 6
" 24-gun post-ship quarter-decked 5 2
" " flush-decked
" 22-gun post-ship " 1 1
" 20-gun post-ship quarter-decked 3 4
" " flush-decked 3 2
Sloops (of war) Arrow and Dart, mounting 28 carronades 2
" 18-gun ship-sloop quarter-decked 10 2
" " flush-decked 19 3
" 16-gun ship-sloop quarter-decked large 14 10
" " " small 3
" " flush-decked 14
" 14-gun ship-sloop quarter-decked 2 2
" " flush-decked 13
" 18-gun brig-sloop large 20 9
" " small 7 1
" 16-gun brig-sloop 12
" 14-gun brig-sloop 3 2
Bombs 8 guns and 2 mortars 17 3
Fireships 14 guns 1 1
Gun-brigs " 8
" 12 guns 73 7
" 10 guns 2
Cutters, &c. 14 guns 4 1
" 12 guns 8 3
" 10 guns 13 12
" 8 guns 1
" 6 guns 2
" 4 guns 16
All ships above come under the generic term "Cruisers"
Troop-ships 14 24
Storeships 10 3
Gun-vessels from 1 to 4 guns 5

Advice-boats and Tenders

6

Sloop on Discovery

Hospital, Prison, Receiving-ships, &c.

25

Royal Yachts

7

Total

508 299

n.b. Numbers of ships and vessels in the "other" column include those In Ordinary, For Harbour Service, Building, or Ordered to be Built.

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